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Overview of Investment and Trade Court in Qatar

Published on : 10 May 2024

Investment and Trade Court in Qatar

In pursuit of becoming a premier destination for foreign investors, Qatar embarked on establishing the Investment and Trade Court, a cornerstone of its Vision 2030 agenda. With the aim of expediting the resolution of commercial disputes, this court has swiftly gained recognition for its efficiency and adherence to procedural rigor. This article delves into the practical functioning of the Investment and Trade Court, shedding light on its operational mechanisms, jurisdictional scope, and fee structure.

Operational Mechanisms

The Investment and Trade Court operates on a digital platform, facilitating swift and efficient case management. Parties involved in disputes register their cases and make fee payments online, streamlining the administrative process. Notably, the court adopts a proactive approach in collecting fees for court-appointed experts, requiring plaintiffs to deposit a sum into the court's account upon case registration. This advance payment, tailored to the nature and complexity of the case, ensures the seamless progression of proceedings.

Jurisdictional Scope

Under the provisions of Law No. 21 of 2021, the Investment and Trade Court holds jurisdiction over a broad spectrum of commercial matters. These encompass disputes arising from commercial contracts, conflicts among merchants, shareholder disputes, bankruptcy proceedings, and issues related to Intellectual Property, competition, and e-commerce. The court's expansive jurisdiction reflects Qatar's commitment to providing a comprehensive framework for resolving commercial disputes, thereby fostering a conducive environment for investment and trade.

Time Pressure and Procedural Timelines

A hallmark of the Investment and Trade Court is its adherence to aggressive procedural timelines, significantly shorter than those under previous protocols. Upon filing a statement of claim, the court promptly serves the defendant within three days. Subsequent deadlines for filing complete defenses, responses, and replies are strictly enforced, with limited opportunities for extensions. This time-sensitive approach not only expedites the resolution process but also deters dilatory tactics, ensuring swift and efficient adjudication of disputes.

Administrative Efficiency

While the court's streamlined procedures contribute to its efficiency, parties must adhere to stringent submission requirements. Plaintiffs may encounter delays if their submissions contain errors or incomplete translations, highlighting the importance of meticulous preparation. Moreover, the court's prohibition on the submission of new evidence after prescribed deadlines underscores the need for thorough pre-trial preparation to avoid procedural setbacks.

Expert Appointment and Translation Issues

The Investment and Trade Court empowers parties to nominate agreed-upon experts, fostering collaboration and expediting the resolution process. However, challenges may arise concerning the language of expert reports, particularly in cases involving extensive document translation. Timely engagement with translation services is essential to ensure compliance with court deadlines and mitigate potential delays.

Appeals Process

In alignment with its commitment to expedited dispute resolution, the Investment and Trade Court imposes stringent timelines for filing appeals. Parties must adhere to truncated deadlines for lodging appeals, necessitating close coordination between clients and legal counsel. Failure to comply with procedural requirements, such as authentication of relevant documents, may result in procedural challenges, emphasizing the importance of meticulous case management.


The Investment and Trade Court stands as a beacon of efficiency in Qatar's legal landscape, offering a swift and reliable mechanism for resolving commercial disputes. By leveraging digital platforms, enforcing strict procedural timelines, and embracing innovative practices, the court exemplifies Qatar's commitment to enhancing its investment climate. Stakeholders engaging in commercial activities within Qatar should familiarize themselves with the court's operational modalities, jurisdictional scope, and procedural requirements to navigate disputes effectively and capitalize on the country's burgeoning economic opportunities.

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