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Overview of NGO Activities

Published on : June 2018
Author(s):Several

The Ins and Outs of NGOs - Guide

Lawyers in Dubai

Non-governmental organizations provide the services that fill the gaps lefts by the private and the public sectors. Short-term interests motivate many politicians; these interests do not often align with long-term social goals and leave significant shortfalls in policies at the national and local level worldwide. Therefore NGOs are left to provide services that would otherwise be provided by the government.

In the alternative, the private sector is limited in services to that which can be monetized and can generate a profit. Milton Friedman stated, "the social responsibility of business is to increase its profit." This limitation fuels another gap in service for which NGOs fulfill, and these services are outside of the realm of what the public sector provides.

Another role that NGOs play is undertaking high-risk business models where the returns on investments are too uncertain to justify returns for shareholders.

The need to prove the clarity of their intentions is highest for NGOs because their very being is dependent on a relationship of trust. On the one hand, their work often entails working closely with people that they are trying to help. Not having a seller-buyer relationship but a trust-based relationship allows NGOs to get closer to people's lives than any private sector organization could.

In the United Arab Emirates, the regulation of NGOs in undergoing an overhaul, and is constituted by legislation only on the Federal Level and in the Emirate of Dubai.

 

 

Lawyers in Abu Dhabi

CONTENTS

  1. The ins and outs of NGOs

  2. How to describe a non-governmental organization

    • 2.1 Federal Law Number 2 of 2008
    • 2.2 Dubai Law Number 12 of 2017
  3. The entities that are not considered NGOs in the eyes of the Law

    • 3.1 Federal Law Number 2 of 2008
    • 3.2 Dubai Law Number 12 of 2017
  4. What is the difference between an NGO and a charity

  5. Does an NGO have to be licensed

    • 5.1 Dubai Law Number 12 of 2017
  6. What is the CDA and what is the extent of its authority

  7. What are the requirements and processes for establishing an NGO

    • 7.1 Federal Law Number 2 of 2008
    • 7.2 Dubai Law Number 12 of 2017
  8. Can a foreign or international NGO establish itself or a branch in Dubai

    • 8.1 Dubai Law Number 12 of 2017
  9. Can a foreign or international NGO establish itself or a branch in Dubai

    • 9.1 Federal Law Number 2 of 2008
    • 9.2 Dubai Law Number 12 of 2017
  10. What are the underlying expenses for creating an NGO

    • 10.1 Dubai Law Number 12 of 2017
  11. Where can one find an open list of NGOs

    • 11.1 Federal Law Number 2 of 2008
    • 11.2 Dubai Law Number 12 of 2017
  12. Is the conducting of fund-raising activities acceptable under the Law

    • 12.1 Dubai Law Number 12 of 2017
  13. What are the uses of the funds raised by an NGO

    • 13.1 Federal Law Number 2 of 2008
    • 13.2 Dubai Law Number 12 of 2017
  14. Does an NGO have to open a bank account with a National Bank

    • 14.1 Federal Law Number 2 of 2008
    • 14.2 Dubai Law Number 12 of 2017
  15. Can an NGO enter into partnerships or agreements with other NGOs

    • 15.1 Dubai Law Number 12 of 2017
  16. What other provisions of these Laws provide for further approvals from the CDA or relevant authority

    • 16.1 Dubai Law Number 12 of 2017
  17. Is the law applicable to NGOs in a free zone

  18. What is the composition of membership within an NGO and what are their responsibilities and obligations

    • 18.1 Federal Law Number 2 of 2008
    • 18.2 Dubai Law Number 12 of 2017
  19. What is the law around members of the Board of Directors being members of more than one NGO

    • 19.1 Federal Law Number 2 of 2008
    • 19.2 Dubai Law Number 12 of 2017
  20. Is a member of the Board of Directors of an NGO able to receive financial compensation for services completed

1. Ins and Outs of NGOs

Lawyers in SharjahIn 2012 the United Arab Emirates closed down various international Non-governmental Organisations (NGOs) as well as domestic organizations. This occurrence led to the State coming to the understanding that there was a need to regulate the process of the establishment of an NGO and ensure that the new legal framework takes cognizance of the sovereignty of the State. 

Having declared 2017 as the Year of Giving, the issuance of a new legal framework governing the establishment and regulation of NGOs took place in Dubai, namely Dubai Law Number 12 of 2017. This issuance was in pursuance of the UAE governments key strategy to formulate a comprehensive framework for charities and humanitarian organizations.

For the Emirates that do not have a legal framework of their own on NGOs, Federal Law Number 2 of 2008 concerning public-benefit regulates a particular form of NGO.

Due to the translation of the relevant legislation, in some translations, non-governmental organizations are referred to as civil society association or establishment. But for the objective of this guide, it will be seen as a non-governmental organization.

2. How to describe a non-governmental organization.

A non-governmental organization (NGO) as described by the international NGO governing authority is any non-profit, autonomous group of citizens organized on a local or international level.  NGOs will participate in a variety of humanitarian or service activities. These activities are inclusive of but are not limited to, education, human rights, bringing the concerns of citizens to the higher authorities of the State, environment, training, health, ensuring compliance by the Government, and providing citizens with information which enables them to participate in matters that concern them actively.

Lawyers in Dubai2.1 Federal Law Number 2 of 2008

The Federal Law Number 2 of 2008 describes a non-governmental/public benefit organization as a group that is constructed for a determined or undetermined amount of time, comprising natural or juristic persons. This organization must be established to achieve a specific activity or humanitarian services, whether through economic or moral assistance. Its primary aim is the achievement of Public Welfare, and it cannot be for the obtaining of an economic benefit.

2.2 Dubai Law Number 12 of 2017

The Dubai Law Number 12 of 2017 regulating non-governmental organizations in the Emirate of Dubai in Article 2 describes a non-governmental organization as a composition of natural or juristic persons, conducting the activities as prescribed in Article 5 of the Law, which exists for an indefinite period. This Law makes a distinction between two types of NGOs based on the non-governmental establishment apportioning property to the activities found in Article 5 of this Law and non-governmental association being the other. Click here to read more.